Wednesday, August 09, 2017

Beiyang government, bar exam

1912(民國元年) 北洋政府(in 北京) 公布律師暫行章程, 由司法部公布
民國10, 公布" 甄拔律師委員會章程", 明定經甄拔合格者, 得充律師

南京國民政府
1927, 民國16國民政府司法部, 公布"律師章程""甄拔律師委員會章程"
北京政府之前所公布之律師暫行章程, 當然廢止

1928國民政府取代北洋政府

北洋政府, 1912-1928
The Republic of China was established in 1911 by the Nationalist government (KMT). Beiyang army led by Yuan Shikai, a general of the imperial Qing government, controlled the national government in Beijing from 1912 to 1928 and reinstated monarchy in China (Empire of China, 1915–1916). After Yuan’s death in 1916, the country was divided and controlled by military cliques from 1916 to 1928 (the Warlord Era). In 1949, KMT government retreated to Taiwan after losing the Chinese civil war.

民國31, 律師法公布施行--之前之律師章程及甄拔律師委員會章程, 均告廢止
民國34, 律師法修正, 立法委員3年以上者, 得檢覈免試
民國51, 律師法修正, 軍法官考試及格者, 得檢覈免試

展恆舉. (1973)

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1945修改律師法, 曾任立委3年者,可申請檢覈

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1941律師法取代律師章程, 1945經過修改, 並隨著國民政府接收台灣, 取代1935 Taiwan Attorney Regulations, 成為施行於台灣的律師法制基本法
1997年透過修正, 使公設辯護人亦得檢覈為律師
王泰升, & 曾文亮 (Eds.). (2005). 二十世紀台北律師公會會史. 台北: 台北律師公會.

1945年修正之律師法, 由大陸帶到台灣適用; 尤英夫, Y., Ying Fu. (1996). 台灣律師制度一百年


1992律師法重新修正公布全文, 增訂律師使用---保障人權等; 須經職前訓練合格尤英夫, Y., Ying Fu. (1996)

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Before the Constitution of the Republic of China was promulgated in 1947, from 1928 to 1946, congressmen were selected by the government. After 1947, according to the ROC Constitution, congressmen had to be selected through elections. Many congressmen selected by the government before 1947 worried they might be not elected through elections, they added into the Attorney Regulation Act that at least 3 year work experience as congressmen could be waived from taking the bar exam to become lawyers (尤英夫, 93-94). After KMT government retreated to Taiwan in 1949, many congressmen were waived from taking the bar exams and became lawyers (尤英夫, 1972: 94)

曾任立法委員3年以上, 不再列為應檢覈資格, 民國62年修正律師法 (任拓書, 89)

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